Navigating Japan’s Railway System

The island nation of Japan is rich in culture, history, beauty and fun. With fantastic cities to visit around the country, like the bustling capital of Tokyo with its high-rise buildings and fascinating neighborhoods to the historically significant town of Kyoto with traditional tea houses, shrines and torii gates, there are amazing sites all over the country.

The only problem is fitting all of these sites into one trip. Thankfully, Japan has a fantastically efficient railway system to help travelers move throughout the country with ease.

The Japan Rail Pass is the key to navigating the complex system and, with minimal effort to obtain the pass and understand how it works, the entire country can easily be unlocked for would-be travelers.

The JR pass is specifically for overseas visitors and should be purchased before you arrive, so a little pre-planning is necessary to make your trip as stress-free as possible. The pass, the most economical way for tourists to travel throughout the country, can easily be purchased through an approved sales agent outside of Japan. The JR website provides a helpful list of locations to obtain a pass prior to your trip.

Upon purchasing your JR Pass you will be given a voucher, or exchange order, which you must take to a JR office in any one of the rail stations once you arrive. From there you will be given your actual pass, good for travel on almost all of the JR lines that take travelers around the country. Passes are good for 7, 14 or 21 days from the first date of use, which must be specified when you turn in your voucher for your JR Pass.

Japan Railway © Prasit Rodphan |

Once you arrive in Japan and have exchanged your voucher for your actual pass, it will work on almost any train within the JR group of six railway companies that crisscross the entire country. The pass allows you to request a seat on any approved train for no additional cost. You can reserve seats for certain trips, also for no additional cost, but not all trains accept reserved seating and availability is first-come, first-serve. Seats can be reserved by visiting the JR travel office in any rail station but non-reserved seats are easy to access — just show up to your desired train and show your pass, then ride the rail until you reach your destination.

It is important to note, when entering the country, make sure you go through a manned immigration station instead of an automated booth. Only manned stations will stamp your passport as a temporary visitor, a requirement to use the JR pass.

With a little patience and effort, you will be able to see a great deal of Japan quickly and easily at an affordable cost. The ease of rail travel in Japan allows you to plan your trip as you go, making it ideal for travelers who like to make spontaneous travel decisions about where they want to visit next and when they want to do it.